云服务器知识

云服务器配置nginx支持php

  

[root@redhat7 ~]# wget http://am1.php.net/get/php-7.1.2.tar.gz/from/this/mirror

[root@redhat7 ~]# tar xzvf php-7.1.2.tar.gz

[root@redhat7 ~]# cd php-7.1.2/

[root@redhat7 ~]# ./configure --prefix=/usr/local/php --enable-fpm

[root@redhat7 php-7.1.2]# make&&make install

查看是否成功编译安装PHP

[root@redhat7 php-7.1.2]# php -v

PHP 7.1.2 (fpm-fcgi) (built: Apr 14 2017 20:21:53)

Copyright (c) 1997-2017 The PHP Group

Zend Engine v3.1.0, Copyright (c) 1998-2017 Zend Technologies

 

编译安装完成后PHP不具备配置文件php.ini,此时只需复制php.ini-production到 /usr/local/lib/php.ini即可,php.ini文件一般在/usr/local/lib/和/etc目录下

 

[root@localhost php-7.1.2]# cp php.ini-production /usr/local/lib/php.ini

[root@redhat7 php]# /usr/local/php/sbin/php-fpm

[14-Apr-2017 20:59:49] ERROR: failed to open configuration file '/usr/local/php/etc/php-fpm.conf': No such file or directory (2)

[14-Apr-2017 20:59:49] ERROR: failed to load configuration file '/usr/local/php/etc/php-fpm.conf'

[14-Apr-2017 20:59:49] ERROR: FPM initialization failed

启动php-fpm发现缺乏配置文件/usr/local/php/etc/php-fpm.conf

此时只需复制php-fpm的配置文件在安装php时提供的配置文件的模版/usr/local/php/etc/php-fpm.conf.default到相应/usr/local/php/etc/php-fpm.conf即可

 

[root@redhat7 etc]# /usr/local/php/sbin/php-fpm 

[14-Apr-2017 21:14:32] WARNING: Nothing matches the include pattern '/usr/local/php/etc/php-fpm.d/*.conf' from /usr/local/php/etc/php-fpm.conf at line 125.

[14-Apr-2017 21:14:32] ERROR: No pool defined. at least one pool section must be specified in config file

[14-Apr-2017 21:14:32] ERROR: failed to post process the configuration

[14-Apr-2017 21:14:32] ERROR: FPM initialization failed

 

[root@redhat7 etc]# cp php-fpm.conf.default /usr/local/php/etc/php-fpm.conf

 

[root@redhat7 etc]# cp /usr/local/php/etc/php-fpm.d/www.conf.default /usr/local/php/etc/php-fpm.d/www.conf

[root@redhat7 etc]# /etc/init.d/php-fpm 

[14-Apr-2017 21:23:02] ERROR: unable to bind listening socket for address '127.0.0.1:9000': Address already in use (98)

[14-Apr-2017 21:23:02] ERROR: FPM initialization failed

[root@redhat7 etc]# netstat -nldp|grep 9000

tcp        0      0 127.0.0.1:9000          0.0.0.0:*               LISTEN      3721/php-fpm: maste 

[root@redhat7 php-7.1.2]# cp sapi/fpm/init.d.php-fpm /etc/init.d/php-fpm

[root@redhat7 php-7.1.2]# chmod a+x /etc/init.d/php-fpm 

[root@redhat7 php-7.1.2]# ll /etc/init.d/php-fpm 

-rwxr-xr-x 1 root root 2401 4月  14 21:26 /etc/init.d/php-fpm

[root@redhat7 php-7.1.2]# /etc/init.d/php-fpm start

Starting php-fpm [14-Apr-2017 21:28:09] ERROR: unable to bind listening socket for address '127.0.0.1:9000': Address already in use (98)

[14-Apr-2017 21:28:09] ERROR: FPM initialization failed

 failed

[root@redhat7 php-7.1.2]# netstat -nldp |grep 9000

tcp        0      0 127.0.0.1:9000          0.0.0.0:*               LISTEN      3721/php-fpm: maste 

[root@redhat7 php-7.1.2]# kill 3721

[root@redhat7 php-7.1.2]# netstat -nldp |grep 9000

[root@redhat7 php-7.1.2]# /etc/init.d/php-fpm start

Starting php-fpm  done

[root@redhat7 php-7.1.2]# service php-fpm status

php-fpm (pid 3927) is running...

[root@redhat7 php-7.1.2]# chkconfig --add php-fpm

[root@redhat7 php-7.1.2]# chkconfig php-fpm --level 345 on

 

 

配置nginx支持PHP

修改nginx的配置文件,支持php文件的解析,找到location的添加位置,在后面添加下面这个location

location ~ \.php$ {

                        root /usr/share/nginx/html; #指定php的根目录

                        fastcgi_pass 127.0.0.1:9000;#php-fpm的默认端口是9000

                        fastcgi_index index.php;

                        fastcgi_param SCRIPT_FILENAME $document_root$fastcgi_script_name;

                        include fastcgi_params;

                }